Nobels fredspris

Svenska Läkare mot Kärnvapen är den svenska sektionen av International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, IPPNW, som tilldelades Nobels fredspris 1985. Vi är även en del av International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons, ICAN, som tilldelades fredspriset 2017.

ICAN

2017 tilldelades den internationella kampanjen, ICAN, International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons, Nobels fredspris för sitt arbete att lyfta fram de humanitära konsekvenserna av kärnvapen i debatten och för arbetet att få till stånd FN:s konvention om ett kärnvapenförbud som antogs den 7 juli 2017.

Motiveringen löd:

”The Nobel Peace Prize 2017 was awarded to International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) for its work to draw attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons and for its ground-breaking efforts to achieve a treaty-based prohibition of such weapons.”

I pressmeddelandet uttryckte den norska Nobelkommittén följande:

”Through binding international agreements, the international community has previously adopted prohibitions against land mines, cluster munitions and biological and chemical weapons. Nuclear weapons are even more destructive, but have not yet been made the object of a similar international legal prohibition.

Through its work, ICAN has helped to fill this legal gap. An important argument in the rationale for prohibiting nuclear weapons is the unacceptable human suffering that a nuclear war will cause. ICAN is a coalition of non-governmental organizations from around 100 different countries around the globe. The coalition has been a driving force in prevailing upon the world’s nations to pledge to cooperate with all relevant stakeholders in efforts to stigmatise, prohibit and eliminate nuclear weapons. To date, 108 states have made such a commitment, known as the Humanitarian Pledge.

Furthermore, ICAN has been the leading civil society actor in the endeavour to achieve a prohibition of nuclear weapons under international law. On 7 July 2017, 122 of the UN member states acceded to the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. As soon as the treaty has been ratified by 50 states, the ban on nuclear weapons will enter into force and will be binding under international law for all the countries that are party to the treaty.”

IPPNW

1985 tilldelades världsfederationen International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, IPPNW, Nobels fredspris för sitt arbete med att informera och skapa medvetenhet kring de katastrofala konsekvenserna av ett kärnvapenkrig.

Motiveringen löd:

”It is the committee’s opinion that this organisation has performed a considerable service to mankind by spreading authoritative information and by creating an awareness of the catastrophic consequences of atomic warfare. The committee believes that this in turn contributes to an increase in the pressure of public opposition to the proliferation of atomic weapons and to a redefining of priorities, with greater attention being paid to health and other humanitarian issues. Such an awakening of public opinion, as is now apparent both in the East and in the West, in the North and in the South, can give the present arms limitation negotiations new perspectives and a new seriousness.”

I presentationstalet av den norska Nobelkommittén uttrycktes det:

“Through this year’s award of the Peace Prize, the Norwegian Nobel Committee wishes to emphasize this aspect of the struggle for peace – to direct attention to the way in which the problem of disarmament is a concern, not only of politicians, but also of the general public in all countries.”

“No one can avoid being aware of the anxious interest shown in this problem today, not least among children and young people. The reason for this is obvious: with the development of atomic weapons, the question of disarmament has been given a new dimension, we could almost say, an eternal dimension. The prevention of an outbreak of war is increasingly regarded as a question of life or death for the human race.”